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UN Commends India’s Progress in Life Expectancy and Economic Growth

India’s Significant Advancements in Human Development

India has achieved notable progress in key areas of human development, as detailed in the latest Human Development Index (HDI) report by the United Nations. In 2022, the average life expectancy in India rose to 67.7 years, up from 62.7 the previous year. Additionally, the gross national income per capita saw a significant increase to $6,951, marking a 6.3% rise within just one year. These improvements reflect India’s ongoing efforts to enhance the quality of life for its citizens.

Education and Economic Achievements Highlighted

The UN report not only highlights improvements in health and income but also points to significant strides in education. The expected years of schooling have increased to 12.6 years per individual, indicating a broader access to educational opportunities. India’s HDI score for 2022 was 0.644, placing it in the ‘medium human development’ category globally. This marks a substantial rise from its 1990 score of 0.434, showcasing a remarkable improvement of 48.4 percent over the decades.

Challenges and Opportunities in Gender Equality

Despite these achievements, the report also addresses areas needing improvement, particularly in gender equality. India’s Gender Inequality Index (GII) stands at 0.437, surpassing the global average, with notable progress in reproductive health. However, there remains a significant disparity in labor force participation rates between men and women, with a gap of 47.8 percent. The government recognizes these challenges and has initiated several policies aimed at empowering women through education, skill development, and improved workplace safety, demonstrating a commitment to fostering a more equitable society.